Schedule V: Propylhexedrine and any salt derived from it
Schedule VI: Substances used in the manufacture of other drugs, such as ephedrine, lysergic acid, norephedrine, pseudoephedrine, etc.
Understanding a charge for drug trafficking
The first thing to note with a charge for drug trafficking is that the monetary aspect has no bearing on the charge. The prosecution does not need to show that you made a profit from the exchange of drugs. They do not even need to prove that the substance in question was a drug.
If you present the substance as a drug and are caught doing any of the following, you can be charged:
Giving (even for free)
The police generally do not lay drug trafficking charges without substantial evidence against a suspect. This is especially the case in large-scale operations. However, they are still held to a high standard when trying to secure a conviction.
It is very important to be in a position to go through the evidence against you in fine detail with your lawyer. Even if the evidence against you is overwhelming, there may be gaps in the evidence. You have charter rights that must be defended by a skilled lawyer and you are always innocent until proven guilty.
What are the penalties for drug trafficking?
As you might expect, penalties in drug trafficking cases are harsh: up to life imprisonment in the most extreme cases.
Firstly, the prospect of bail is unlikely.
Then, a drug trafficking conviction will generally mean:
Up to life imprisonment for trafficking Schedule I or II substances (cocaine, heroin, cannabis, etc.)
Up to 10 years in jail for trafficking Schedule III or IV drugs (LSD, magic mushrooms, barbiturates, etc.)
Up to three years in jail for trafficking schedule V substances (Propylhexedrine and its salts)
If you possess drugs for the purpose of trafficking (over a certain amount) you will also face a mandatory prison term.
Apart from serving jail time, you will have a permanent criminal record, which will restrict your freedom of travel outside Canada and may hamper future employment prospects.
Drug Trafficking: How we will defend you
Our lawyers have successfully defended many people charged with drug trafficking in Ottawa.
They are used to analyzing the evidence for potential flaws and preparing a defence based upon:
Charter rights arguments that can exclude evidence
The methods used to search you or your premises
Surveillance techniques used by law enforcement officers
The possibility of entrapment being used against you
Actions taken against you in custody
The reliability of informants who tipped off police
It is impossible for anyone without the experience of working on drug trafficking cases to know where to look and to fully comprehend the due processes.
We can often demonstrate that the authorities have not met their obligations or followed the correct processes to safeguard your constitutional rights.
We may also be able to advance alternative explanations for the events in your case.
This is your best chance of the case being dismissed or acquittal in a trial, avoiding the lifelong consequences of a conviction.